World Wars and Interwar Period

1914-1945

Auschwitz, Poland

Stop #4 It is almost impossible or maybe even irresponsible to visit Krakow without taking a day trip to Auschwitz. We decided that we wanted to enjoy Krakow and ordered our trip to visit heartbreaking Auschwitz first. Auschwitz (Auschwitz 1) is the main camp. Birkenau (Auschwitz II) is the larger ...
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Birkenau, Poland

Stop #5 Birkenau (Auschwitz II) is where most of the mass killings actually took place. The camp had more than 300 prison barracks. Still remaining are remnants of gas chambers and crematoria. At Birkenau from 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp’s gas chambers from all ...
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Cambridge American Cemetery

Link to Wikipedia Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial is a cemetery and chapel between the villages of Coton and Madingley in Cambridgeshire, England. It commemorates American servicemen and women who died in World War II. It is administered by the American Battle Monuments Commission ...
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Gdansk WWII Museum

Link to Wikipedia The Museum of the Second World War was established in 2008 in Gdańsk, Poland.  It is devoted to the Second World War. The original concept of the museum was strongly criticized by national-conservatives as not focusing enough on Polish heroism and promoting "socialist-type pacifism". Newly appointed management ...
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Wolf’s Lair

In late 1940, the Germans built the Wolf’s Lair in the middle of a forest, far from major roads and urban areas, and close to the Soviet Union. Completed by June 1941, the complex housed 2,000 people, including Adolf Hitler himself. A failed assassination attempt is well documented here. It ...
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World War II Valor in the Pacific NM

Link to Wikipedia The USS Arizona Memorial, at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii, marks the resting place of 1,102 of the 1,177 sailors and Marines killed on USS Arizona during the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The attack on Pearl Harbor and the island of Oahu ...
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  • In late 1940, the Germans built the Wolf’s Lair in the middle of a forest, far from major roads and urban areas, and close to the Soviet Union. Completed by June 1941, the complex housed 2,000 people, including Adolf Hitler himself. A failed assassination attempt is well documented here.
  • Auschwitz I began as a polish military barracks, but the Nazis converted it into a death camp in 1940. Auschwitz I was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September 1941. Of those not killed in the gas chambers, many died of starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.
  • Birkenau (Auschwitz II) is where most of the Nazi’s mass killings actually took place. The camp had more than 300 prison barracks.  At Birkenau from 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp’s gas chambers from all over German-occupied Europe. About 1.3 million people were sent to the camp, and at least 1.1 million of them were executed.  90 percent of those killed were Jewish.
  • The Museum of the Second World War was established in 2008 in Gdańsk, Poland.  It is devoted to the Second World War with a focus on Polish heroism.
  • Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial is a cemetery and chapel between the villages of Coton and Madingley in Cambridgeshire, England. It commemorates American servicemen and women who died in World War II. It is administered by the American Battle Monuments Commission.
  • The USS Arizona Memorial, at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii, marks the resting place of 1,102 of the 1,177 sailors and Marines killed on USS Arizona during the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The attack on Pearl Harbor and the island of Oahu led to the United States’ direct involvement in World War II.  The USS Arizona Memorial is one of several sites in Hawaii and elsewhere that are part of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument.
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