National Monuments

Fort Monroe National Monument

President Obama designated portions of Fort Monroe a National Monument in 2011, his first exercise of this authority under the Antiquities Act.  It guarded navigation of the Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads.  Former Confederate President Jefferson Davis was imprisoned here for two years.

World War II Valor in the Pacific NM

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The USS Arizona Memorial, at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii, marks the resting place of 1,102 of the 1,177 sailors and Marines killed on USS Arizona during the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The attack on Pearl Harbor and the island of Oahu led to the United States’ direct involvement in World War II.  The USS Arizona Memorial is one of several sites in Hawaii and elsewhere that are part of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument.

Poverty Point NM

Poverty Point contains a collection of earthworks built during a 600-year period.  The mounds are concentric half-circles, 4 to 6 feet high with an outside diameter of three-quarters of a mile apart.

With no human remains or heaps of shells, archaeologists assume that these mounds were simply symbols of power and wealth.

Dating to the Late Archaic period, the people lived in small groups at Poverty Point. There were most likely hundreds of residents.

Florissant Fossil Beds NM

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Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument is a national monument located in Colorado. Famous for the abundant and exceptionally preserved insect and plant fossils that are found in the mudstones and shales of the Florissant Formation, the formation is Eocene (approximately 34 million years old) in age and has been interpreted as a lake environment. Fossils are preserved because of the interaction of the volcanic ash from the nearby Thirtynine Mile volcanic field with diatoms in the lake.

Fossil Butte NM

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Fossil Butte National Monument is located near Kemmerer, Wyoming.  It containes Eocene Epoch (56 to 34 million years ago) animal and plant fossils associated with Fossil Lake—the smallest lake of the three great lakes which were then present in what are now Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado. Preserved fossils include fish, alligators, bats, turtles, dog-sized horses, insects, and many other species of plants and animals.  Sediments accumulated over about a 2 million-year period.

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